The darker corners of the Internet glow with speculation about the evils of the manmade electromagnetic emissions that permeate our atmosphere, from in-home WiFi networks to long-range radio and satellite networks. Inquiring minds want to know: what are all these “waves” doing to our brains?
Worrying about the effects of electromagnetic waves, and of the potentially negative impact of electronic device use more generally, doesn’t put you in league with folks who believe in chemtrails and lizard people. But it’s important not to confuse scientific fact with science fiction. Here is what the latest research tells us about the effects of electronic devices on our brains — and what regular people can do about it, short of ditching their iPhones, TV’s, and laptop computers.
The Brutality of Blue Light
WebMD has a great primer on the relationship between electronics use (or overuse) and poor sleep hygiene. The bottom line: it’s increasingly clear that electronic devices mess with the natural sleep-wake cycles of our brains and produce temporary stresses that affect the quality of our waking hours.
The mechanism by which this occurs is fascinating. Human sleep-wake cycles, known as circadian rhythms, are controlled by a specific area of the brain known as the superchiasmatic nucleus. This region uses inputs from retinal photoreceptors to keep a sort of internal clock driven by key hormones. When it’s time for the body to power down, the brain spurs the production of chemicals essential to sleep, such as melatonin. When it’s time to get up in the morning, the brain dials back the production of sleep hormones and ramps up the production of stimulative stress hormones, such as cortisol.
This cycle is driven largely by the availability of natural light, specifically sunlight. The brain is particularly sensitive to blue-spectrum light, which is more plentiful in the early morning (as opposed to red-spectrum light, which is more common in the evening). You see where this is going: electronic devices clearly emit ample amounts of blue-spectrum light, threatening the integrity of the cycle when used after dark.
Setting Ourselves Up for Distraction
Another potential downside of frequent electronic use is habit-forming behavior. When sociologists warn that we’re becoming “addicted” to our smartphones, they mean it literally. Even if we can convince ourselves that a behavior is productive, it’s simply not healthy to do engage in it to the detriment of all else.
Do Cell Phones and Other Transmitting Devices Cause Cancer?
It’s impossible to discuss the relationship between electronics and health without mentioning the perennial debate about cell phones and cancer.
In 2011, the World Health Organization evaluated troves of relevant data compiled from dozens of studies conducted over the preceding three decades. Its conclusion: it is “likely” that radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, which cell phones generate, are carcinogenic. In other words, the energy emitted by cell phones likely raises cancer risk.
However, the WHO stopped short of arguing for a causative link between cell phones (and other transmitting devices, such as WiFi routers and Bluetooth headsets) and tumor growth. It’s not at all clear that the typical human is exposed to radiation from electronic devices in the quantities and amplitudes necessary to establish a clear link between said exposure and tumor growth. The strength of the correlation simply isn’t strong enough, and the number of confounding factors is, well, confounding.
Meanwhile, individual studies on the subject have generally been inconclusive. While some research indirectly supports the WHO’s assertion that radiofrequency electromagnetic fields contribute to the growth of malignant tumors, clear signals (no pun intended) have been elusive. It is possible that future studies that examine heavy cell phone users over the entire course of an adult lifespan will provide conclusive answers. But until then, it’s best to take wide-eyed claims with a grain of salt.
Keep It All in Perspective
It’s often said that moderation is the key to health. And while the adverse effects of electronic devices aren’t as obvious as, say, those of drinking alcohol to excess or overeating (or, in the spirit of fairness, over-exercising), this principle applies to electronics utilization. If you’re stealing a glance at your phone at wildly inappropriate times or checking your email the moment before you settle down to fall asleep, you’re engaging in behavior that most unbiased health professionals would advise against.
So the next time you’re tempted to sneak a peek at your SMS inbox while sitting across the desk from your boss or flip up your iPad while your partner is trying to get some shuteye, take a hard look at what you’re doing and ask yourself: am I doing what’s best for my mind, body, and family? At Healing Waters, we ask our patients this question all the time, and we’re happy to help them reach the right conclusions.